Work-Family Conflict of Collegiate and Secondary School Athletic Trainers Who Are Parents

Context: The interface working life has been much discussed and researched area in athletic training. Association position statement on the National Athletic Trainers highlighted work-life balance professional interest in this topic. However, gaps remain in the literature and include the role of social support, and time-based conflict.


Objective: To compare the work-family conflict (WFC) and social support among athletic trainers (ATs) used in the second most common practice settings.
Design: Cross-sectional observational survey.


Settings: Collegiate and secondary school settings.
Patients or Other Participants: A total of 474 (female = 231, male = 243) were employed ATS in college (205, 43.2%) or secondary (269, 56.8%) setting.


The main outcome measure (s): Data were collected through a Web-based survey designed to measure conflict and social support. Likert responses were summed. Demographic information is analyzed for frequency and distribution. independent t test and Mann-Whitney U test was calculated to determine group differences. Linear regression was used to determine whether social support predicted WFC.


Results: Social conditions and WFC are negatively correlated, and social conditions predicted score WFC. No WFC difference (P = 0.778) was found between ATS college and high school though college ATS work more hours (63 ± 0.76) during their busiest season compared with those in a high school environment (54 ± 0.81, P < 0.001). Similarly, there was no difference (P = 0.969) is present between men and women, although men work more hours. Our participants scored highest by WFC time items.


Conclusion: Work-family conflict experienced globally in two of the most commonly AT arrangement and between the sexes. It showed WFC universally experienced and therefore need to be addressed, especially with a focus on time-based conflict. In addition to time management strategy, ATS requires support from colleagues, peers, and family members.

 Work-Family Conflict of Collegiate and Secondary School Athletic Trainers Who Are Parents
Work-Family Conflict of Collegiate and Secondary School Athletic Trainers Who Are Parents

Relationship Between Athletic Performance and Physiological Characteristics in wheelchair Basketball Athlete

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between athletic performance and physiological characteristics in wheelchair basketball (WB) athletes with different classification score.

Methods: Twenty-six (24 men and 2 women) WB athletes involved in the research. The participants were divided into two functional categories (Category A: 1.0 to 2.5 points, a category B: 3.0-4.5 points) in accordance with the rules of IWBF. Shoulder internal rotation (IR) and external (ER) muscle strength was evaluated by ISOMED 2000® isokinetic dynamometer. Handgrip strength was evaluated by a hydraulic hand dynamometer. custom road on a treadmill protocol used to measure aerobic capacity. Anaerobic capacity is evaluated by the Wingate anaerobic power test under standard laboratory conditions. Athletic performance rated at 20 m Sprint test, Slalom Test, and test Shot Zone.

Results: Category B athletes achieve better results significantly in IR measurement ER shoulder and muscle strength, aerobic and anaerobic capacity and athletic performance while similar grip strength is found in a category. There is a significant correlation between athletic performance and IR ER shoulder and muscle strength, and aerobic and anaerobic capacity in two categories. There is no significant relationship between grip strength and athletic performance parameters in two categories.

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Conclusion: It is concluded that the WB athletic performance in athletes with different classifications score associated with upper extremity muscle strength, aerobic and anaerobic capacity. In addition, the upper limb muscle strength, athletic performance, aerobic and anaerobic capacity assessment that will be made will make a positive contribution to the planning of training programs and individual exercises.