The Acute Effects of Foam Rolling and Dynamic Stretching on Athletic Performance: A Critically Appraised Topic

Clinical Scenarios: Dynamic stretching and foam rolling is typically used by athletes to reduce injury and improve recovery, thereby improving athletic performance. In contrast to the dynamic stretching, little research has been conducted on the acute effects of foam rolling as part of a routine heating preexercise.

When the researchers applied foam rolling with static stretching as a warm, some find that foam rolling slightly improved flexibility and performance results. More recent research shows that the favorable dynamic to static stretching stretch when used as heating strategy. Therefore, adding foam rolling to dynamic stretching is hypothesized to make more significant improvements in flexibility and performance than by adding foam rolling to static stretching.

Focused Clinical Question: In individuals who are active, not foam rolling in addition to dynamic stretching causes an increase in performance compared with only dynamic stretching? Summary of Key Findings: Four randomized controlled trials were included. Two studies concluded that the addition of foam rolling to dynamic stretching increase vertical jump height is more than dynamic stretching, while the second study found no difference between the treatment groups. Two studies concluded that the addition of foam rolling performance improvement compared to the dynamic stretching agility course, while one study found no difference between the treatment group and the study did not measure agility.

All four studies reviewed concluded that foam rolling does not increase dynamic flexibility than stretching alone. Clinical Bottom Line: Foam rolling in conjunction with dynamic stretching can further improve the agility and the power output of an athlete; However, little improvement has been observed with foam rolling in terms of flexibility of athletes when compared to the complete program of stretching its own dynamic. Strength of Recommendation: Inconsistent findings from four randomized controlled trials suggest there is a class C evidence to support the inclusion of foam rolling in dynamic heating.

The Acute Effects of Foam Rolling and Dynamic Stretching on Athletic Performance: A Critically Appraised Topic
The Acute Effects of Foam Rolling and Dynamic Stretching on Athletic Performance: A Critically Appraised Topic

Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback Can Improve Athletic Performance? A Systematic Review

This systematic review was conducted to evaluate the effect of heart rate variability biofeedback (BFB HRV) on the performance of athletes. Six electronic databases (Springerlink, SportDiscus, Web of Science, ProQuest Academic Research Library, Google Scholar, and ScienceDirect) and reference articles were searched. eligibility criteria are: 1. The experimental study involving athletes were randomly allocated between groups (randomized controlled trials);

2. The availability of HRV BFB as treatment compared with the control condition (CON), which involves regular training sport / dance, placebo (PLA) or other methods of BFB; 3. The performance-related variables such as the index depends; and, 4. The peer-reviewed articles written in English. Of the 660 articles, six studies included in the systematic review involving 187 athletes (female: n = 89; male n = 98). Six studies compared with CON HRV BFB, BFB HRV three studies compared with PLA, and two studies distinguished HRV BFB BFB with other methods.

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The findings support the BFB HRV as a potential intervention to improve the well and gross motor function in athletes. Stapleton, DT, Boergers, RJ, Rodriguez, J, Green, G, Johnson, K, Williams, P, Leelum, N, Jackson, L, and Vallorosi, J. The relationship between functional movement, dynamic stability, and athletic performance assessment in baseball and softball athletes. J Strength Cond Res XX (X): 000-000, 2020-Despite the recent popularity, the relationship between the quality of movement and measure athletic performance remains unconvincing.